Passport & Consular Services

Who Is an EU Citizen & Who Is a Family Member of an EU Citizen?

An EU citizen is a person who holds the citizenship of a country that is a member of the European Union (EU). The member countries of the EU are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.

Family members of an EU citizen generally refer to individuals who are related to an EU citizen through certain specified relationships. The definition of family members can vary slightly depending on the specific EU member country and the applicable EU laws. However, typically, family members include:

Spouse or registered partner: This refers to the legally recognized husband or wife, as well as individuals in registered partnerships or civil unions.

Direct descendants: This includes the EU citizen’s children and their children (the EU citizen’s grandchildren). It usually covers both minors and adult children.

Dependent direct relatives: This category generally covers the EU citizen’s parents and grandparents who are dependent on the EU citizen for their care.

Dependent relatives in the ascending line: This can include other family members who are dependent on the EU citizen, such as siblings, nieces, nephews, aunts, and uncles.

It’s important to note that each EU member country may have its own specific laws and regulations regarding the definition and recognition of family members of EU citizens. These laws can vary, especially when it comes to unmarried partners, extended family members, and non-biological or adopted children. Therefore, it is advisable to consult the relevant immigration authorities or embassies of the specific EU country for precise and up-to-date information on who qualifies as an EU citizen and who can be considered a family member under their jurisdiction.

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