Passport & Consular Services

How to Apply for European Citizenship by Descent?

Applying for European citizenship by descent typically involves following a specific process set by the country in question. While the exact requirements and procedures may vary between European Union (EU) countries, here is a general outline of the steps involved:

Gather Required Documents: Determine the specific documents you need to provide as evidence of your descent from an ancestor who holds or held citizenship in the country. This may include birth certificates, marriage certificates, passports, naturalization certificates, and other relevant documents. It’s essential to research and understand the specific requirements of the country you are applying to.

Verify Eligibility: Confirm your eligibility for citizenship by descent based on the criteria set by the country. This typically involves establishing a direct line of descent from a citizen parent, grandparent, or sometimes even further back, according to the country’s laws. Check the country’s specific requirements for the minimum generation that qualifies for citizenship.

Research Dual Citizenship: Determine whether the country allows dual citizenship. Some countries may require you to renounce your current citizenship in order to acquire citizenship through descent. If dual citizenship is not permitted, you will need to consider the implications and make an informed decision.

Language and Integration Requirements: Some countries may require applicants to meet language or integration requirements. This can involve demonstrating proficiency in the country’s language or completing integration courses or tests. Research and fulfill these requirements if they apply.

Submit Application: Prepare and submit your citizenship application to the relevant authorities of the country. Follow the instructions provided by the country’s immigration or citizenship department and include all necessary documents and supporting evidence. Pay any required fees associated with the application.

Await Processing and Decision: After submitting your application, the authorities will review it and make a decision. This process can take varying amounts of time, ranging from several months to over a year, depending on the country and its processing times.

Citizenship Ceremony or Oath: If your application is approved, you may be required to attend a citizenship ceremony or take an oath of allegiance to the country. This step formalizes your acquisition of European citizenship.

It’s important to note that the requirements and procedures for applying for European citizenship by descent can vary significantly between countries. It is recommended to consult the specific immigration or citizenship authorities of the country you are applying to for detailed and up-to-date information on their application process. They will provide you with accurate guidance based on the country’s laws and requirements.

Was this article helpful?